Does Graham Gooch still hold the record for the most runs scored in a single Test?

Source: cricinfo

by SportsDiction – 28, September, 2020

Does Graham Gooch still hold the record for the most runs scored in a single Test? asked Amitayu Sengupta from India
The short answer is yes: Graham Gooch scored 456 runs – 333 and 123 – for England against India at Lord’s in 1990, which remains the most in a single Test. The record he broke was 380, by Greg Chappell, who made 247 not out and 133 for Australia against New Zealand in Wellington in 1973-74.

Since Gooch did it, three others have made 400 or more runs in a Test: Mark Taylor (334 not out and 92 for Australia against Pakistan in Peshawar in 1998-99), Kumar Sangakkara (319 and 105 for Sri Lanka v Bangladesh in Chittagong in 2013-14), and, of course, Brian Lara (400 not out for West Indies v England in St John’s in 2003-04.

Only Lara (501 not out for Warwickshire against Durham at Edgbaston in 1994) and Hanif Mohammad (499 for Karachi v Bahawalpur in Karachi in 1958-59) have scored more runs than Gooch in any first-class match. Next comes Don Bradman, who made up for being dismissed for 3 in the first innings by making 452 not out in the second for New South Wales against Queensland in Sydney in 1929-30.

Australia scored 482 for 5 on the first day against South Africa at the Adelaide Oval in 2012. Was that the highest total on the first day of any Test? asked Martin Gage from Australia
Australia hurtled to 482 for 5 in 86.5 overs on the first day against South Africa in Adelaide in 2012-13, mainly thanks to Michael Clarke, who was undefeated with 224 at the close; David Warner and Michael Hussey also made centuries.

There has been one higher total on the first day of a Test, also by Australia against South Africa: on the opening day of the series in Sydney in 1910-11, they ran up 494 for 6, with opener Warren Bardsley scoring 132 and skipper Clem Hill 191. South Africa bowled 99 overs that day.

The most runs on any day of a Test is 588, on the second at Old Trafford in 1936. England moved from 173 for 2 overnight to 571 for 8 declared, then India made 190 without loss before the close of a day on which around 140 overs were bowled.